It's Singapore's 49th birthday and the intrepid team celebrated National Day way earlier than many others as we crawled out of our bed for a 3.30am departure to Pulau Hantu!
sighted before off Pulau Satumu in 2001 (Raffles Lighthouse). How appropriate it is to find the lionfish on Lion City's birthday! Indeed a testimony and reminder that our reefs are very much alive.
Enjoy this short 10 seconds video taken in the dark (with a torch).
Andy Dinesh shared with us that the lionfish was once featured as part of our old 50 cents coin. According to The Singapore Mint, the coin was issued on 1967. Amazing!
Tongue mushroom coral (Herpolitha sp.) and several
Sunflower mushroom hard corals (Heliofungia actiniformis).
Favid hard coral (Family Faviidae).
Blue corals (Heliopora coerulea) at the top right hand corner of this photo are not affected.
July 2010's survey at Hantu, the Leathery soft corals (Family Alcyoniidae) are usually hit first.
Asparagus soft corals (Family Nephtheidae) that I came across looked fine though.
Ridged corallimorph seems partially affected by the bleaching as well as they also harbour photosynthetic algae like corals.
Galaxy corals (Galaxea sp.) doing? It looked alright except for sparse distributions of dead polyps. I was surprised when a living Scallop (Family Pectinidae) swam across!
Saw-edged spooner crabs (Etisus utilis)! Here's one crawling across the top of the Galaxea mine field.
Long-spined black sea urchin (Diadema sp.)!
Anemone corals (Goniopora sp.).
Cushion star (Culcita novaeguinea) where its arms are still visible as pointy projections. When they grow bigger, these sea stars look more like a ball!
Herrmann's sea cucumber (Stichopus herrmanni) but now when I look at it again, it seems to be something else. Would need help to identify this species.
Fluted giant clams (Tridacna squamosa) are still there!
Hell's Fire anemone (Actinodendron sp.) was found in the lagoon. It is named as such because of its nasty stings!
Starry mouthed nudibranch (Bornella stellifer)! This nudibranch with white and red is one of the best marine representatives with Singapore colours. Haha.
Happy birthday Singapore! :D